Author Topic: Birthweight Of Babies.  (Read 3136 times)

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Offline CilmiSabca

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Birthweight Of Babies.
« on: February 12, 2012, 06:24:27 PM »
Healthy babies come in all kinds of packages--- long and lanky, big and bulky, slight and slender. Though a birthweight of under 5.1/2 pounds full term can mean that baby was not well nourished during gestation, or that growth was otherwise interfered with (for unknown and uncontrollable reasons or because the mother drank, smoked, or took drugs), a petite 6.1/2-pounder can be as vigorous and sound as a chubby 9-pounder.
Many factors affect a baby's size, among them:
THE MOTHER'S DIET DURING PREGNANCY.
Too little food or too little of the right kinds of food can produce a small baby; too much food, an overly large one.
THE MOTHER'S PREGNANCY WEIGHT GAIN.
A bigger weight gain may yield a bigger baby, but if the weight was gained on junk food, the baby may be tiny and the mother fat.
THE MOTHER'S PRENATAL LIFESTYLE.
Smoking, drinking, and drug abuse can all stunt fetal growth.
THE MOTHER'S HEALTH.
Poorly controlled diabetes (even the gestational type) can be responsible for an extra-large baby. Toxemia (speeclamsia or eclampsia) or a placenta that is inadequate can interfere with fetal growth, with a tiny newborn the result.
THE MOTHER'S WEIGHT BEFORE PREGNANCY.
Heavier women tend to have heavier babies; slight women lighter ones.
THE MOTHER'S OWN BIRTHWEIGHT.
If the mother weighted in at around 7 pounds, her first baby is likely to, also. If she was very small or very large, her baby will often follow the same pattern.
GENETICS.
Large parents usually have large babies. If the mother is small and the father is large, the baby is more likely to be on the small side-- nature's way of trying to decrease the odds of a difficult delivery. If baby is genetically destined to take after the father, rapid growth spurts during the first year and later on will make up small birth size.
BABY'S SEX.
Boys, on the average, tend to be a little heavier and longer than girls.
BIRTH ORDER.
First babies are often smaller than subsequent ones.
THE NUMBER OF FETUSES.
Babies of a multiple pregnancy generally weight less than singletons.
RACE.
Oriental, black, and indian babies are generally smaller than Caucasian babies (although the size differences between black and white babies may be due more to socioeconomic factors than race; middle-class black babies and middle-class white babies are more evenly matched in weight).
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