Im currently a first year studying in a private university just outside Cairo called "6th October University" having completed A-levels from England.
The way the system generally works in Egypt is:
You study for 6 years at your choice of a university - mind you, foreigners hardly get admitted to Al-Azhar University.
You are required to complete a one year clinical setting (training) at hospital - This can be carried out ANYWHERE in the world and not only in Egypt. I think the completion of this "housemanship" gives you registration with the Egyptian Medical Board as you are given your degree MBBS upon completion of the 6 years.
- Years 1-2 are as usual "Basic Sciences" - Physiology, Histology, Biochemistry, Psychology etc. You also have small clinical sessions with doctors once a week for 3 months.
- Year 3 is what we call "Pre-Clinical" - (Pathology and Pharmacology etc)
- Year 4-6 is all "Clinical" - The juicy stuff like Surgery, Opthalmology, Community medicine etc.
The good thing about Egypt is that most (im not sure if all) are WHO accredited meaning you are eligible to do the PLAB exam upon completion. If you are a Norwegian citizen the PLAB is NOT required and you may apply for registration (to work in the UK). I think this goes for anyone with EEA/EU citizenship wanting to work in the United Kingdom. Im sure the same applies for other European countries.
Oh, forgot to say- The course goes out in English along with the book/materials and exams, however, you may find some professors are not so keen on their English leve, talking a bit too much in Arabic but its good enough. You could always take private tuition which is inexpensive, especially around the Cairo area.
Do not hesitate to contact me if you need any more information regarding university/study in egypt.
Hope this helps.