Author Topic: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions  (Read 35427 times)

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Offline Dr.Adnan

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Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« on: March 25, 2008, 03:55:39 PM »
QUESTION: 1
The black widow spider (Latrodectus spp.) is a spider notorious for its neurotoxic venom. When this spider injects its venom into a victim, a continous contraction of muscles will occur therefore it causes the diaghram to contract and there will be no expiration and breathing will be inhibited thus leading to immediate death. The machanism that this spider uses is connected in disrupting the action potential by:-

  A-Blocking the receptors of the acetylcholine.
  B-inhibiting the release of acetylcholine.
  C-causing an explosive release of acetylcholine.
  D-Destroying body choline reserviors.


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Offline Abdullahi!

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #1 on: March 25, 2008, 06:49:29 PM »
Please Dr. Adnan do you mind clarifying whether this is a best answer MCQ or true or false.

It seems to me that this spider (Black widow spider) causes the massive release of acetylcholine from synaptosomes and in addition, inhibites high-affinity choline uptake.

This could be mean that both A and C are correct although if it is a best answer i would choose C.
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Offline Dr.Adnan

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #2 on: March 30, 2008, 10:09:18 PM »
as far as I know option C is the only correct one, so you get it right.  ::)
but for the other notion i will check for it.

Sry for the delay i was busy
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Offline Amal

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #3 on: March 30, 2008, 10:16:28 PM »
No i think the best answer is A,  acts by blocking transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles thats how the poison is powerful. what makes you choose C?. Dr Adnan correct me if am wrong.

Offline Dr.Adnan

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #4 on: March 30, 2008, 10:36:21 PM »
Amal thank you for your comment
First, for the first choice(blocking the receptors of acetylcholine) is caused by substance called Curare, which is found in some types of mushrooms , practicaly , the red indians used it on their spear heads while they were fighting to give their enemy a lethal shot.
Curare is a reversible inhibitor of acetylcholine receptors.

for option B (inhibiting the release of acetylcholine.) it is caused by Clostridium botulinum which is found in some canned vegtables.

so as far as I know C is correct choice for the action of the venom of black widow spider.

and option D is obvious that it is wrong. because it talks about using ACH until it ends.
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Offline Amal

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #5 on: March 30, 2008, 10:51:26 PM »
Dr Adnan, ohh thanks I now see why answer c is the correct answer.

Offline Dr.Adnan

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #6 on: March 30, 2008, 10:56:08 PM »
thank you amal
but I will do further research on this matter. my source was the guyton medical physiology book.
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Offline Doc:aar

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #7 on: April 27, 2008, 04:51:06 AM »
Question 2:-
Which of the flowing tissue produce surfactant:-
     
     a)-type 1 alveolar epithelial cells
     b)-type 4 alveolar epithelial cells
     c)-type 5 alveolar epithelial cells
     d)-type 2 alveolar epithelial cells
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Offline Munim

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #8 on: April 27, 2008, 07:59:35 PM »
A.C Doc:aar.
I think (D) is Correct Answer
( type 2 alveolar epithelial cells produce surfactant).
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Offline Doc:aar

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #9 on: April 27, 2008, 09:03:51 PM »
www mumin
    thank you mumin.... the correct answer is (D)
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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #10 on: April 27, 2008, 09:16:26 PM »
Question 3:-
in ECG , which of the following represents when atrial and ventricular are relaxed
 
    A)-PR interval
    B)-TP segment
    C)-ST segment
    D)-PR segment
    E)-QT interval
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Offline Abdullahi!

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #11 on: April 28, 2008, 11:04:13 AM »
The ECG shows atrial systole. This is called a P-wave. Then ventricular systole happens. This is called the QRS or QRS-complex. It is called a complex because there are three different waves in it. The Q-wave, R-wave, and S-wave. Then the ECG shows ventricular diastole. This is called the T-wave. Atrial diastole happens then too. But it is not seen separate from ventricular diastole, so it's TP segment (B).
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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #12 on: April 28, 2008, 06:19:50 PM »
 thank you abdullahi .. (B) is the correct answer ..so  you get it right
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Offline Abdullahi!

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #13 on: May 08, 2008, 03:01:19 PM »
Question 4:-
A baby is born to a parents with blood group [B(-)], the baby's blood group may be:

a) A (+)
b) A (-)
c) AB
d) O (+)
e) O (-)
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Offline Dr.Adnan

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Re: Pre-Clinical Physiology Questions
« Reply #14 on: May 08, 2008, 08:58:00 PM »
I am definatly not sure of this answer but I think it is option E.
Because the child have 1/4 probability to get O blood group other 3/4 being B blood group. That is if both parent are B negative.
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